Toyota
Jeep Cherokee
 Service Manual
Starting systems » Description and operation
Starting system

DESCRIPTION

An electrically operated engine starting system is standard factory-installed equipment on this model.

The starting system is designed to provide the vehicle operator with a convenient, efficient and reliable means of cranking and starting the internal combustion engine used to power the vehicle and all of its accessory systems. The starting system includes the following major components:

  •  Battery
  •  Battery cables
  •  Clutch pedal position switch (manual transmission)
  •  Ignition switch
  •  Park/neutral position switch (automatic transmission)
  •  Starter motor (including the integral starter solenoid)
  •  Starter relay.

The starting system consists of two separate circuits.

A high-amperage feed circuit that feeds the starter motor between 150 and 350 amperes of battery current, and a low-amperage control circuit that operates on less than 20 amperes of battery current.

The starting system high-amperage feed circuit includes the battery, the battery cables, the contact disc portion of the starter solenoid, and the starter motor. The following starting system feed circuit components are covered in more detail in other areas of this service manual:

  •  The battery is located in the passenger side front corner of the engine compartment, near the upper radiator crossmember and provides the electrical current needed to operate the starting system. Refer to Battery in the index of this service manual for the location of more information on the battery.
  •  The battery cables connect the battery to the electrical system of the vehicle and to the starting system. Refer to Battery Cables in the index of this service manual for the location of more information on the battery cables.

The starting system low-amperage control circuit includes the ignition switch, the clutch pedal position switch (manual transmission), the park/neutral position switch (automatic transmission), the starter relay, the electromagnetic windings of the starter solenoid, and the wire harnesses that connect these components. The following starting system control circuit components are covered in more detail in other areas of this service manual:

  •  The ignition switch is mounted on the bottom of the steering column and actuates the starting system when a properly coded ignition key is inserted in the ignition lock cylinder on the right side of the steering column and turned to the spring-loaded momentary Start position. Refer to Ignition Switch and Key Lock Cylinder in the index of this service manual for the location of more information on the ignition switch.
  •  The clutch pedal position switch is integral to the master cylinder of the clutch hydraulic linkage assembly on models equipped with a manual transmission. Refer to Clutch Hydraulic Linkage in the index of this service manual for the location of more information on the clutch pedal position switch.
  •  On models with the 2.5L engine, the park/neutral position switch is threaded into the left side of the automatic transmission case and has a springloaded plunger that is actuated by a cam integral to the gearshift mechanism within the transmission. The back up lamp switch is also integral to the park/ neutral position switch. On models with the 4.0L engine, the park/neutral position switch is mounted on the right side of the automatic transmission case. The switch is indexed to and driven by the transmission manual valve shaft. Refer to Park/Neutral Position Switch in the index of this service manual for the location of more information on either version of the park/neutral position switch.

Following are general descriptions of the starter relay and the starter motor. See the owner's manual in the vehicle glove box for more information on the features, use and operation of the starting system.

Refer to Starting System in the index of this service manual for the location of complete wiring diagrams for the starting system.

NOTE: This group covers both Left-Hand Drive (LHD) and Right-Hand Drive (RHD) versions of this model. Whenever required and feasible, the RHD versions of affected vehicle components have been constructed as mirror-image of the LHD versions.

While most of the illustrations used in this group represent only the LHD version, the diagnostic and service procedures outlined can generally be applied to either version. Exceptions to this rule have been clearly identified as LHD or RHD, if a special illustration or procedure is required.

OPERATION

If the vehicle is equipped with a manual transmission, the clutch pedal position switch is installed in series between the ignition switch and the coil battery terminal of the starter relay. This normally open switch prevents the starter relay from being energized when the ignition switch is turned to the momentary Start position, unless the clutch pedal is fully depressed. This feature prevents starter motor operation while the clutch disc and the flywheel are engaged. The starter relay coil ground terminal is always grounded on vehicles with a manual transmission.

If the vehicle is equipped with an automatic transmission, battery voltage is supplied through the lowamperage control circuit to the coil battery terminal of the starter relay when the ignition switch is turned to the momentary Start position. The park/ neutral position switch is installed in series between the starter relay coil ground terminal and ground.

This normally open switch prevents the starter relay from being energized and the starter motor from operating unless the automatic transmission gear selector is in the Neutral or Park positions.

When the starter relay coil windings are energized, the relay directs battery current to the starter solenoid coil windings. When the starter solenoid coil windings are energized, the solenoid directs battery current to the starter motor, which cranks the engine by engaging the starter pinion gear with the starter ring gear. Once the engine starts, the ignition switch key is released by the vehicle operator. When the ignition switch key is released, the switch automatically returns to the On position, which de-energizes the starting system.

    More about «Description and operation»:

    Starting system

    Starter motor

    Starter relay

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