Jeep Cherokee (XJ): Timing chain and sprockets. Camshaft. Camshaft bearings

Jeep Cherokee (XJ) 1984 - 2001 Service Manual > Engine > 4.0L engine > Removal and installation > Timing chain and sprockets. Camshaft. Camshaft bearings

Timing chain and sprockets

REMOVAL

(1) Disconnect negative cable from battery.

(2) Remove the fan and shroud.

(3) Remove the serpentine drive belt.

(4) Remove the crankshaft vibration damper.

(5) Remove the timing case cover.

(6) Rotate crankshaft until the "0" timing mark is closest to and on the center line with camshaft sprocket timing mark (Fig. 61).

Fig. 61 Crankshaft-Camshaft Alignment
Fig. 61 Crankshaft-Camshaft Alignment

1 - CAMSHAFT SPROCKET
2 - TIMING MARKS
3 - CRANKSHAFT SPROCKET

(7) Remove the oil slinger from the crankshaft.

(8) Remove the camshaft sprocket bolt and washer (Fig. 62).

Fig. 62 Camshaft Sprocket and Thrust Plate
Fig. 62 Camshaft Sprocket and Thrust Plate

1 - CAMSHAFT
2 - CAMSHAFT SPROCKET W/INTEGRAL KEY
3 - BOLT & CUP WASHER
4 - THRUST PLATE

(9) Remove the crankshaft sprocket, camshaft sprocket and timing chain as an assembly.

(10) Installation of the timing chain with the timing marks on the crankshaft and camshaft sprockets properly aligned ensures correct valve timing. A worn or stretched timing chain will adversely affect valve timing. If the timing chain deflects more than 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) replace it.

INSTALLATION

Assemble the timing chain, crankshaft sprocket and camshaft sprocket with the timing marks aligned (Fig. 61).

(1) Apply Mopar Silicone Rubber Adhesive Sealant to the keyway in the crankshaft and insert the key.

With the key in the keyway on the crankshaft, install the assembly on the crankshaft and camshaft.

(2) Install the camshaft sprocket bolt and washer (Fig. 62). Tighten the bolt to 68 N·m (50 ft. lbs.) torque.

(3) To verify correct installation of the timing chain, rotate the crankshaft 2 revolutions. The camshaft and crankshaft sprocket timing mark should align (Fig. 61).

(4) Install the crankshaft oil slinger.

(5) Replace the oil seal in the timing case cover.

(6) Install the timing case cover and gasket.

(7) With the key installed in the crankshaft keyway, install the vibration damper, washer and bolt.

Lubricate and tighten the bolt to 108 N·m (80 ft. lbs.) torque.

(8) Install the serpentine drive belt. (refer to Group 7, Cooling System for the proper procedure).

(9) Install the fan and hub assembly. Install the shroud.

(10) Connect negative cable to battery.

Camshaft

REMOVAL

WARNING: THE COOLANT IN A RECENTLY OPERATED ENGINE IS HOT AND PRESSURIZED.

RELEASE THE PRESSURE BEFORE REMOVING THE DRAIN COCK, CAP AND DRAIN PLUGS.

(1) Disconnect negative cable from battery.

(2) Drain the cooling system. DO NOT waste reusable coolant. If the solution is clean, drain it into a clean container for reuse.

(3) Remove the radiator or radiator and condenser, if equipped with A/C (refer to Group 7, Cooling System for the proper procedure).

(4) Remove the engine cylinder head cover.

(5) Remove the rocker arms, bridges and pivots.

(6) Remove the push rods.

(7) Remove the engine cylinder head and gasket.

(8) Remove the hydraulic valve tappets from the engine cylinder block.

(9) Remove the vibration damper.

(10) Remove the timing case cover.

(11) Rotate the crankshaft until the crankshaft sprocket timing mark is aligned on centerline with the camshaft sprocket timing mark (Fig. 64).

(12) Remove the timing chain and sprockets.

(13) Remove the front bumper and/or grille, as required.

(14) Remove the two thrust plate retaining screws, thrust plate and camshaft (Fig. 63).

Fig. 63 Camshaft
Fig. 63 Camshaft

1 - CAMSHAFT
2 - CRANKSHAFT

INSTALLATION

(1) Inspect the cam lobes for wear.

(2) Inspect the bearing journals for uneven wear pattern or finish.

(3) Inspect the bearings for wear.

(4) Inspect the distributor drive gear for wear.

(5) If the camshaft appears to have been rubbing against the thrust washer, examine the oil pressure relief holes in the rear cam journal. The oil pressure relief holes must be free of debris.

(6) Lubricate the camshaft with Mopar Engine Oil Supplement, or equivalent.

(7) Carefully install the camshaft to prevent damage to the camshaft bearings (Fig. 63).

(8) Position thrust plate and install retaining screws. Tighten screws to 24 N·m (18 ft. lbs.).

(9) Install the timing chain, crankshaft sprocket and camshaft sprocket with the timing marks aligned.

(10) Install the camshaft sprocket bolt/cup washer.

Tighten the bolt to 68 N·m (50 ft. lbs.).

Fig. 64 Crankshaft / Camshaft Sprocket Timing Mark Alignment
Fig. 64 Crankshaft / Camshaft Sprocket Timing Mark Alignment

1 - CAMSHAFT SPROCKET
2 - TIMING MARKS
3 - CRANKSHAFT SPROCKET

(11) Install the timing case cover with a replacement oil seal (Fig. 65). Refer to Timing Case Cover Installation.

(12) Install the vibration damper (Fig. 65).

Fig. 65 Timing Case Cover Components
Fig. 65 Timing Case Cover Components

1 - TIMING CASE COVER
2 - OIL SLINGER
3 - CRANKSHAFT OIL SEAL
4 - VIBRATION DAMPER PULLEY

(13) Install the hydraulic valve tappets.

(14) Install the cylinder head gasket with the numbers facing up.

(15) Install the cylinder head and head bolts (Refer to cylinder head R&I in this section for torque values and tightening sequence).

(16) Install the push rods.

(17) Install the rocker arms and pivot and bridge assemblies. Tighten each of the capscrews for each bridge alternately, one turn at a time, to avoid damaging the bridge (Refer to Rocker Arms and Push Rods in this section).

(18) Install the engine cylinder head cover.

(19) Install the serpentine drive belt. (refer to Group 7, Cooling System for the proper procedure).

NOTE: During installation, lubricate the hydraulic valve tappets and all valve components with Mopar Engine Oil Supplement, or equivalent. The Mopar Engine Oil Supplement, or equivalent must remain with the engine oil for at least 1609 km (1,000 miles). The oil supplement need not be drained until the next scheduled oil change.

(20) Install the radiator, connect the hoses and fill the cooling system to the specified level (refer to Group 7, Cooling System for the proper procedure).

(21) Check the ignition timing and adjust as necessary.

(22) Install the grille and bumper, if removed.

(23) Connect negative cable to battery.

Camshaft bearings

REMOVAL

The camshaft rotates within four steel-shelled, babbitt- lined bearings that are pressed into the cylinder block and then line reamed. The camshaft bearing bores and bearing diameters are not the same size. They are stepped down in 0.254 mm (0.010 inch) increments from the front bearing (largest) to the rear bearing (smallest).

This permits easier removal and installation of the camshaft.

The camshaft bearings are pressure lubricated.

Camshaft end play is maintained by the thrust plate.

(1) Remove the camshaft. Refer to Camshaft in this section for procedure.

NOTE: It is not advisable to attempt to replace camshaft bearings unless special removal and installation tools are available, such as recommended tool 8544 Camshaft Bushing Remover Installer.

(2) Using Special tool, remove the camshaft bearings

INSTALLATION

(1) Inspect the camshaft bearing journals for uneven wear pattern or finish.

(2) Inspect the camshaft lobes and distributor gear for wear.

(3) Inspect the camshaft thrust plate for wear. If the plate shows excessive wear inspect the camshaft oil pressure relief holes in the rear cam jounral. The relief holes must be clean and free of debris.

CAUTION: Make sure outside diameter of number 1 bearing is clean. Make sure that the bearing is properly installed in the engine block, align the oil hole in the bearing with the oil gallery in the bearing bore. Failure to do so will cause inadequate oil supply for the sprockets and timing chain.

(4) Using special tool, install new camshaft bearings.

(5) Lubricate the camshaft with Mopart engine oil supplement, or equivalent.

(6) Carefully install the camshaft to prevent damage to the camshaft bearings (7) Position the thrust plate and install the two retaining screws. Tighten screws to 24 N·m (18 ft.

lbs.).

(8) Install the camshaft sprocket, crankshaft sprocket and timing chain with the timing marks aligned. Install the sprocket bolt.

(9) Tighten the camshaft sprocket bolt and washer to 68 N·m (50 ft. lbs.).

(10) To verify correct installation of the timing chain, turn the crankshaft two full revolutions then position the camshaft sprocket timing mark as shown in (Fig. 66).

(11) Install the timing chain cover refer to the procedure in this section.

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